|Color:||Gray-brown barred back and white rump, and yellow or salmon tint under the wings and tail feathers.|
|Size:||12 to 14 inches in length|
Woodpeckers usually eat insects. They constantly tap on tree trunks in a bid to disturb hiding insects and get them to reveal their location. They use their long bills to extract insects hiding in the tree bark crevices. They also bore holes on wooden structures including houses and can be quite a nuisance.
Woodpeckers have a strong and pointed beak that they use to bore holes and extract insects from their hiding places. Their tongue is long and sticky, helping them easily remove insects from where they hide. Unlike most birds, woodpeckers have two toes pointing to the front and two pointing to the back. These are used to provide the necessary grounding and support when they are pecking away.
These birds are known to have distinct behavioral traits. Their tapping on trees is primarily meant to help them find hiding insects that they can feed on. Woodpeckers also tap on surfaces such as tree stumps as a way of communicating with others, especially during courtship. They also excavate cavities on tree trunks to create a place to live. This is mainly the case when a female is about to lay eggs.
Since woodpeckers are endangered species, it is recommended that you first inform your local extension officer of their presence in your compound. They can offer help and advice on how to get rid of the birds or deal with them safely and humanely.
- Block all Holes— When woodpeckers drill holes around your home, this invites more birds and insects, making the infestation problem worse. It is recommended that you block all holes around the house using putty and then paint over them after drying using oil based paints.
- Use Noise – Noise deterrents are also quite effective when it comes to scaring away woodpeckers. In addition to chimes, there are noise production devices designed to sound like woodpeckers in distress and predators. These noises are known to keep the birds away from your home. Sophisticated devices can even sense approaching birds and then activate.
- Visual Means – Woodpeckers also tend to be scared away by visual deterrents. The birds do not like shiny or constantly moving objects. You can install a variety of visual deterrents including owl, hawk and eagle figurines, aluminum strips or pie plates or even a flag. These visual deterrents should be installed at the place where the woodpecker birds are regularly seen.
- Plastic or Bird Netting – You can also keep woodpeckers away from your house by installing protective surfaces on all affected areas. Use bird netting, hardware cloth and bird netting to secure all areas where the birds frequent. This ensures that the birds can no longer continue damaging your property.
- Woodpecker Birdhouse – If you enjoy seeing the birds and would even like to give them a great alternative to damaging your home, you can get a woodpecker birdhouse. Woodpeckers like these houses and are bound to move away from your house and occupy their new abode.